Cardiovascular examination – Early detection and diagnosis

Cardiovascular examination – Early detection and diagnosis

Cardiovascular examination? Why?

Your heart beats more than 100,000 times per day. It is the untiring motor of your circulatory system.  The fact that it functions without fault is a necessary condition for your safety and quality of life. Regular cardiac examinations in combination with a healthy lifestyle minimise your risk of disease and infarction.

What happens during a cardiovascular examination?

The range of methods to detect a disease of the heart and circulatory system is impressive.  The initial information from a cardiac examination is provided by a pulse and blood pressure measurement and auscultation with a stethoscope. In order to more accurately assess the condition of your heart and your coronary vessels, further examinations are often required. These include:

  • Resting ECG
    An ECG records the electrical activity of the heart. For this purpose, small electrodes are attached to the upper body, which send the electrical pulses from the heart to an ECG device. The ECG detects cardiac arrhythmia, provides indications of previous cardiac infarction and also signals an acute cardiac infarction. The resting ECG is an initial check, but it is not very sensitive.

 Deeper insights are provided by

  • Exercise ECG using a bicycle ergometer or treadmill.
    During this examination, which is also known as ergometry, the function and performance of the heart and circulatory system is examined during physical exercise. Ergometry enables the assessment of blood pressure behaviour, oxygen supply to the heart, any cardiac arrhythmia during exercise, cardiac weaknesses and certain valvular heart diseases.
    The exercise ECG is much more informative than a resting ECG alone, and in combination with a blood pressure measurement, it is also the most informative general circulatory system examination. However, in case of suspicion, it must be supplemented by other examinations, for example, by a long-term ECG with a portable device, which records the cardiac function over at least 24 hours.
  •  Echocardiography
    An echocardiogram is an ultrasound examination of the heart. Cardiac ultrasound makes the movement and structure of the heart visible and shows, for example, valvular defects and the abnormal progression of heart contraction. However, abnormal changes in the coronary vessels are not shown by echocardiography. This is diagnosed by means of
  • Angiography
    During angiography, a catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin under local anaesthetic and pushed up to the heart and coronary vessels. A contrast agent is then injected into the heart region to be examined via the catheter, so that the coronary vessels can then be assessed by means of X-ray images. The existence, number and precise location of the coronary vessels can clearly be seen on the X-ray film.

Why visit the Wiener Privatklinik for a cardiovascular examination?

The Wiener Privatklinik not only offers you some of Vienna’s best medical specialists, but also specialists and the necessary technical diagnostic equipment for all examinations, which may be required if a disease is suspected as a result of the cardiovascular examination. It also offers the best specialists for the immediate treatment of such diseases. Early detection and timely treatment at the highest level are the best guarantee for a long, pain-free life.

You can obtain more detailed information on the cardiovascular examination from our telephone info-line or by email. All contact details can be found on our Contact page.