Eye examinations – Early detection and diagnosis of eye diseases
Even if you have eyes like a hawk, you should have your eyes examined every two years at a minimum. The early detection and treatment of eye diseases is an important guarantee for quality of life for people of all ages. However, eye examinations do not only serve as visual acuity tests and necessary optometric examinations: The condition of your eyes tells the specialists more about the condition of your veins and arteries than any other organ. Several metabolic disorders affect your blood vessels, and signs of disease such as glaucoma, high blood pressure and diabetes are often detected at an early stage during eye examinations.
What happens during an eye examination?
All eye examinations begin with questions concerning your medical history, any complaints and known diseases.
The next step is an eye test. During the eye test, visual acuity is tested at far distance, and then often at near distance. This visual acuity testing, also known as vision testing, is initially carried out without corrective lenses and then with corrective lenses. If necessary, this is followed by thorough examinations of visual function, e.g. colour vision tests, measurement of the field of vision, eye movement and position as well as the light reaction of the pupils.
The eye doctor then uses the so-called slit lamp to examine the anterior segment of the eye with the lids, conjunctiva, cornea, anterior chamber, iris and lens. The doctor will also usually take this opportunity to measure the intraocular pressure.
The patient is then given eye drops to dilate the pupils, so that the condition of the ocular fundus and lens can be examined with a magnifying glass.
The diseases, which can be detected during such a thorough eye examination, include:
- causes of headaches, e.g. frontal sinusitis, tumours, glaucoma (high intraocular pressure) or functional disorders of the eye muscles.
- high blood pressure, revealed by irregularities or constrictions of the blood vessels in the eye.
- diabetes, the first signs of which can be a change in quality of sight, small round blood flow regions or deposits on the retina.
- risk of stroke, which can be diagnosed by characteristic constrictions of the retinal vessels.
- elevated cholesterol levels, which also creates a characteristic damage pattern in the eye.
- multiple sclerosis, which can become noticeable from early signs, such as double vision, limitations of the field of vision and involuntary eye movements.
Why visit the Wiener Privatklinik for an eye examination?
The Wiener Privatklinik not only offers you some of Vienna’s best medical specialists, but also specialists and the necessary technical diagnostic equipment for all examinations, which may be required if a background disease is suspected as a result of your eye examination. It also offers the best specialists for the immediate treatment of such diseases. Early detection and timely treatment at the highest level are the best guarantee for a long, pain-free life.
You can obtain more detailed information on the eye examination from our telephone info-line or by email. All contact details can be found on our Contact page.