Gynaecological examination – Early detection and diagnosis

Gynaecological examination – Early detection and diagnosis

Gynaecological examination? Why?

The risk of breast cancer and cervical cancer are two convincing reasons for women to undergo a regular gynaecological check-up:  Both cancers are now a much less frightening prospect than was the case over the past decades and they can be treated with excellent chances of success when detected at an early stage.

The intervals at which you should undergo a gynaecological examination differ from individual to individual and they depend on factors such as age, any hereditary disposition, etc. You will receive the appropriate advice during an initial examination at the Wiener Privatklinik.

What happens during a gynaecological examination?

The main pillars of gynaecological preventive medical check-ups are mammography and the PAP smear.

A mammography is an X-ray image of the breast, whereby the breast is placed between two X-ray plexiglass plates. The resulting image represents the internal structure of the breast in black-white contrasts and it makes even the smallest changes visible. In case of doubt or abnormal findings, a supplementary breast ultrasound examination or magnetic resonance imaging may be required. During the ultrasound examination, a contact gel is applied to the breast and it is then examined with a transducer. This transducer sends signals through the breast, which return as “echoes” within fractions of a second and which are shown on a monitor as a black-white image.

The magnetic resonance imaging serves to clarify suspicious or unclear mammography or sonography results.  In the process, layer images of the breast are generated, which make a clear distinction between tumour formations and healthy tissue. The PAP smear of the cervix is the most important method for the early detection of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer predominantly occurs between the ages of 25 and 55 and it affects six out of 10,000 women in this age range. Since the introduction of the cancer smear test in gynaecological practices, the mortality rate for cervical cancer has been reduced by two thirds.
During the cancer smear test, the superficial cells of the cervix and the outer area of the uterine orifice are extracted with a small brush or cotton swab and then assessed in the laboratory. Important to know: An abnormal finding is no reason for panic. Slight to moderate cell changes are very common in young women under the age of 30. They do not necessarily indicate cancer, however, they can indicate an increased risk, which requires further check-ups at shorter intervals.

Why visit the Wiener Privatklinik for a gynaecological examination?

The Wiener Privatklinik not only offers you some of Vienna’s best medical specialists, but also specialists and the necessary technical diagnostic equipment for all examinations, which may be required if a disease is suspected as a result of your gynaecological examination. It also offers the best specialists for the immediate treatment of such diseases. Early detection and timely treatment at the highest level are the best guarantee for a long, pain-free life.

You can obtain more detailed information on the gynaecological examination from our telephone info-line or by email. All contact details can be found on our Contact page.