Lung examination – Early detection and diagnosis
Lung examination? Why?
On average humans inhale and exhale 20,000 litres of air per day. As long as the lungs are working without any impairment, the body is provided with vital oxygen and poisonous carbon dioxide is removed. Therefore, lung function examinations are an important part of each comprehensive preventive medical check-up. The comprehensiveness and thoroughness of the examination depends on the individual condition of the patient.
What happens during a Lung examination?
The doctor initially examines the patient for the external symptoms of lung disease, i.e. blue lips and fingers, changes of the fingernails, deformations of the chest, changes in breathing and coughing. They then feel whether the breathing movement of the chest is symmetrical, and checks the thyroid gland, trachea and lymph nodes by pressing or tapping. The breathing sounds are checked with the stethoscope. This provides the experienced doctor with important indications of possible diseases of the lungs and pleura.
In addition to examinations of blood and saliva, deeper insights are provided by lung function examinations, such as
- Spirometry/ergometry for determining the maximum breathing capacity and for diagnosing a constriction of the airways or reduced expansivity of the respiratory organs. During the examination, the patient must breathe into a mouthpiece whilst the nose is closed.
- Peak-flow measurement: The peak flow when exhaling monitors the development of certain lung diseases, such as asthma, so that deteriorations can be counteracted as early as possible.
- Bodyplethysmography: In addition to the measured values produced by spirometry, this also helps to determine the gas volumes in the chest and resistance in the airways, two other parameters of lung function, which change as a result of disease.
- Thorax CT: The thorax computed tomography creates two-dimensional images of organs and tissue layer by layer which are, if necessary, combined to make three-dimensional images to gain a spatial impression of the organ. Tissue, organs and their abnormal changes can be displayed practically free of superimposition in CT images and thus they are much easier to detect than in conventional X-ray images.
Why visit the Wiener Privatklinik for a Lung examination?
The Wiener Privatklinik not only offers you some of Vienna’s best medical specialists, but also specialists and the necessary technical diagnostic equipment for all examinations, which may be required if a disease is suspected as a result of the lung examination. It also offers the best specialists for the immediate treatment of such diseases. Early detection and timely treatment at the highest level are the best guarantee for a long, pain-free life.
You can obtain more detailed information on the lung examination from our telephone info-line or by email. All contact details can be found on our Contact page.