Cardiac examination –
the diagnosis of heart diseases
The heart and the control of its functions are the subject of Cardiology. In this field of Internal Medicine, there is now a wide range of resources for cardiac examination and the diagnosis of heart defects and heart diseases.
Cardiac examinations serve to detect and treat congenital and acquired diseases of the heart, circulatory system, vessels in the vicinity of the heart and the pericardium.
Besides ECG, the common methods of cardiac examination primarily include the echocardiogram test, cardiac catheter examination and myocardial scintigraphy.
- ECG (electrocardiogram) registers the electrical currents of the heart muscle with every heartbeat. The recording of these impulses can show deviations from the normal function and thus provide important information on heart diseases or cardiac arrhythmia within minutes and with very little effort. The stress test and long-term ECG as well as spiroergometry, which carefully examines the respiratory tract in addition to cardiac function, are special forms of ECG for thorough clarification.
- In the echocardiogram test (cardiac ultrasound, UCG), heart structures (e.g. heart muscle, heart valves) are made visible by means of ultrasonic waves. Thus, diseases of the heart (valvular defects, muscular disorders, scars) can be shown and, in addition, the extent of the malfunctions of the heart can be recorded. You can obtain more information on echocardiography here!
- The cardiac catheter examination should clarify the suspected constriction of the coronary vessels, the weakening the heart muscle pump, unexplained causes or a valvular defect. In the process, after local anaesthesia, a thin tube, the so-called catheter, is led up through the aorta to the heart and the coronary arteries are made visible by using a contrast agent through radioscopy. You can obtain more details here!
- The myocardial scintigraphy is a cardiac examination with the help of contrast agents to examine circulation, vitality and function of the heart muscle (myocardium). It is often carried out upon suspicion of the existence of coronary heart disease or for checking purposes after operations.
You can obtain more detailed information on cardiac examinations from our telephone info-line or by email. All contact details can be found on our Contact page.