The earlier the cancer is detected, the better the chances of recovery. Cancer diagnostics now use a whole range of modern methods, in particular, imaging methods, endoscopy and laboratory examinations and histological cancer examinations on tissue samples.
The Wiener Privatklinik has all of the latest methods for body diagnostics, such as computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound diagnostics, scintigraphy, positron emission tomography and endoscopy.
Endoscopy works with light sent into body cavities through fibre-optic lines. It allows the physician to see, for example, into the intestines or stomach, bladder or bronchi. Even the smallest changes can be detected in this way, long before an x-ray examination would show a finding. If the examiner detects a suspected tissue alteration, a tissue sample (biopsy) will normally be collected for further microscopic examination.
Whether or not a suspected alteration - for example, a lump in the breast - contains cancer cells, can be exclusively assessed by collecting a tissue sample, which is then histologically examined under the microscope by the pathologist. The technical term for the collection of such tissue samples from patients is "biopsy" (Greek "bio" = life, "opsis" = sight).
The tissue sample collected is examined by specialist physicians in the pathology department and allows reliable cancer diagnoses and, building on those diagnoses, optimal therapy planning.
The various examinations, which are used to confirm or rule out cancer, also include the analyses of blood, urine and other body fluids in the laboratory. The physician will always complete a blood count and determine the number of red and white blood cells and platelets. However, there are still numerous other values to be examined. These include the so-called tumour markers.
You can obtain more detailed information on cancer diagnostics from our telephone info-line or by email. All contact details can be found on our Contact page.