Chemotherapy is the medical treatment of cancers. Chemotherapy uses substances, the damaging effect of which targets, kills and inhibits the growth of specific disease-causing cells. In cancer therapy, these substances are called cytostatics. Chemotherapy can be used with the aim of completely killing a tumour and curing the disease – this is called curative therapy.
Chemotherapy that serves to ensure success after the complete surgical removal of the tumour is called adjuvant therapy. Chemotherapy before the operation is neoadjuvant therapy. Adjuvant, neoadjuvant or sole chemotherapy is very often combined with radiation therapy (radiochemotherapy).
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