Correction of presbyopia - laser treatment and alternatives

Correction of presbyopia - laser treatment and alternatives

With advancing age, the eyesight in the near range deteriorates. When reading it is impossible to extend the arms far enough to decipher a newspaper. The reason for this presbyopia or age-related far-sightedness is an entirely normal aging process: the lens of the eye is responsible for about one-fourth of the refractive power of the eye. The lens is stretched or compressed by very small muscles to adapt the eye to the currently required vision distance. This process is known as accommodation.

With advancing age, the lens of the eye hardens. Adaptation becomes increasingly difficult, especially in the case of near vision, especially during reading.

The development of such age-related far-sightedness is an insidious process, usually beginning around the age of 35 years. At some point the age-related far-sightedness becomes so severe that reading glasses are needed to correct it.

The alternative is laser treatment. If age-related far-sightedness is treated, however, it is necessary to keep in mind that the deterioration continues through the years. Thus if the eyes are corrected to see perfectly sharply again at about age 50, deterioration of the near vision may occur again in the years that follow. Then either the eyes would have to be laser-treated again—assuming that the corneal thickness would still permit this—or at some point, reading glasses would be required.

In the treatment, part of the anterior cornea is stripped off. This changes its optical properties. Modern high-precision equipment can adjust the refractive power of the eyes so exactly that one can see perfectly again.

First, a surface area of the cornea is cut open and flapped away Then the middle layer is stripped off by the laser. Following thorough irrigation, the corneal surface is flapped back. The operation is practically painless. Since the laser used a wavelength that is not detectable by the human eye, the laser treatment is not noticed at all.

The team at the Vienna Private Clinic will be happy to give you detailed information about appropriate treatment for your far-sightedness.

You can get more detailed information via our telephone Infoline or by e-mail. All contact information is available on our Contact page.