Sports injuries -
Causes and treatment options
Sports injuries affect both recreational and competitive athletes equally. The difference: A considerable proportion of sports injuries in recreational sport are not caused by external influence, such as a foul in a football game, but rather through incorrect training as so-called endogenous sports injuries, overexertion in competition, in short, a lack of physical ability combined with an excessive amount of ambition and readiness to assume risk. Meanwhile, it is estimated that one in five accidents in Austria is a sports accident.
The range of sports injuries which are treated at the Competence Centre of the Wiener Privatklinik is correspondingly large: The spectrum extends from contusions and sprains to fractures and luxations through to injuries to tendons, ligaments and muscles. Depending on the impact and risk, certain injuries are typical of certain sports. Many injuries can be avoided through consistent warm ups before sport, others with appropriate equipment and the consistent adjustment of sporting activities to the general physical condition.
- Shoulder injuries are primarily caused by falls and accidents at speed. If they cannot be treated by immobilisation, they are often treatable through minimally invasive operational techniques.
- Knee injuries, such as cruciate ligament ruptures and meniscus tears, concern the most complicated and perhaps the most important joint in the entire musculoskeletal system. They are ubiquitous in sport and operative procedures, which are also minimally invasive in many cases, are often required to prevent consequential damage.
- Hernias are caused by overstraining and, if left untreated, can have life-threatening consequences. There is a wide range of treatment methods available.
- Achilles tendon ruptures occur due to the sudden tightening of the calf muscles and primarily affect older athletes. Achilles tendon ruptures are either treated by immobilisation or a minimally invasive operation, which is now the predominant procedure.
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