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Medical Surgery

What is Surgery?

Surgery deals mainly with the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of surgical diseases and injuries. The very wide spectrum ranges from bone fractures to appendicitis and varicose veins to hemorrhoids and herniated discs. The spectrum is incredible complex and diverse!

Treatment consists typically of surgery, but there are also non-surgical or other conservative therapy methods used in the field of surgery.

Of course defining the right treatment and when a surgical or non-surgical treatment should be applied is one of the defining tasks of a surgeon to.

Eight surgical specialties or specializations are differentiated, while the fields can possibly overlap, as their scope sometimes merge. These fields are:

  • General surgery
  • Vascular surgery
  • Trauma surgery and orthopedics
  • Thoracic surgery
  • Visceral surgery
  • Plastic Surgery
  • Pediatric surgery
  • Cardiac surgery


Tasks of surgical specialties

General Surgery

General surgeons treat a broad spectrum: His field of activity includes internal organs, the thoracic cavity such as vascular diseases. In addition, general surgeons work in emergency care, among other areas.

Vascular Surgery

Vascular surgeons operate on diseased blood vessels throughout the body.

The field includes:

  • The treatment of venous diseases
  • the application of vascular bypasses
  • correction of blocked or dilated arteries

If chronic venous disease is left untreated, symptoms may worsen and the skin and tissues may change.

Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery

Here diseases of the musculoskeletal system are treated. Some examples:

  • Surgical reconstruction and therapy of injuries after for example a cruciate ligament rupture or shoulder dislocation.
  • Joint surgery, for example for knee joint arthrosis
  • Plastic and aesthetic surgery

Pediatric surgery

Pediatric surgery is concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of the consequences of accidents. The pediatric surgeon operates as a general, visceral, thoracic and plastic surgeon.

Thoracic surgery

In thoracic surgery, diseases, injuries and malformations in the area of the chest cavity (thorax) are treated. Surgical areas include especially the lungs!

Visceral Surgery

Visceral surgery treats diseases and injuries of internal organs like the pancreas, liver, thyroid, stomach and intestines.


So what is actually a surgeon?

Short form: The surgeon is of course first and foremost a specialist in surgery.

Depending on the professional qualifications he has, the surgeon treats diseases, injuries or even malformations of the human body in the areas and specialties of his expertise explained above.

In doing so, the surgeon performs operations or surgical procedures. Some common examples then these operations are necessary are fractures, appendicitis or herniated discs are treated.

The specialist in surgery has so as his core task and his primary focus the performance of operations. In other words: The main job description would be the surgical treatment of diseases and injuries. But as explained in this article the daily tasks, scope and expertise of a surgeon include much more and are of great complexity no matter which are the surgeon has the pexertise in.

This can also be deduced from the origin of the word surgery, which comes from the Greek “cheirurgía” and means manual work or craft.



Wiener Privatklinik, one of the largest private clinics in Austria, is especially known for its success in the fields of internal medicine, oncologytrauma surgery, sports traumatology, gynecology, surgery and orthopedics.

Wiener Privatklinik’s dedicated surgical wing has four ultramodern operating theaters, equipped with state of the art technology and instruments, to provide the highest quality surgical and post-operative care.

The Wiener Privatklinik is so able to offer a wide range of outstanding surgical care.

Contact us today or book your online consultation now directly at our Online Healthcare Center!


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